Latest Research Report on China’s Natural Gas Industry Chain, 2013-2017

Research Report on China’s Natural Gas Industry Chain, 2013-2017

Aarkstore Enterprise (India), 27th June , 2013 : Natural gas is a kind of energy that is quite clean and environment friendly. Coal is the major primary energy consumed in China, so the increasing consumption of natural gas is helpful to optimize the energy structure. The proportions of charcoal and petroleum in the national consumption structure of primary energy are about 70% and 20% respectively while that of natural gas is only around 5% (the global average level is 24%). The high consumption of coal will make serious pollution to the environment and lower the energy efficiency. Under the trend of advocating energy conservation and environment protection, the development of natural gas is inevitable. The proportion of natural gas consumption in the national primary energy consumption will sharply increase in the future.

In China, natural gas is mainly used as civil fuel and industry fuel with the merits of high calorific value, low cost and pollution. Meanwhile, natural gas is also used as a chemical raw material in chemical industry. It is mainly applied in producing chemical products like synthetic ammonia and methanol. In recent years, the consumption volume of natural gas grows rapidly in manufacturing industry, electric power industry and transportation industry.

Natural gas supply mainly comes from domestic production, imported by pipeline and liquefying in China. In 2012, the output volume and import volume of natural gas was 107.7 billion cubic meters and 42.5 billion cubic meters respectively in China, increasing by 6.5% YOY and 13% YOY respectively. Meanwhile, the apparent consumption volume was 147.1 billion cubic meters, increasing by 13% YOY.(According to CRI’s research) According to the current technology level, domestic natural gas mainly comes from conventional gas field in China while other unconventional natural gas with great potential is in the stage of initial exploration, technology research or small-scale production.

In 2012, the import volume of LNG reached 15 million tons. The CAGR was 50% during 2008-2012.(According to CRI’s research) The following factors promote the growth: the past few years, China focused on establishing basic LNG facilities such as LNG receiving stations, which greatly improved the import capacity of LNG; 2. in recent years, besides conventional LNG exporters like Australia, the output volume of some unconventional LNG exporters like Qatar increases every year. It is predicted that the import volume of LNG will keep increasing to meet the market demand in the next few years.

Natural gas industry chain in this report is classified into upstream industry, midstream industry and downstream industry that are responsible for the production, transportation and distribution of natural gas.

Upstream industry: The upstream industry involves the establishment and operation of gas fields, gas receiving stations and natural gas manufacturing plants to excavate, receive or produce natural gas then sell it.

Midstream industry: midstream industry is responsible for establishing and operating long pipeline networks, and transporting natural gas to remote regions, the terminal distributors and terminal users, and getting some transportation fee.

Downstream industry: Downstream industry is responsible for establishing and operating pipeline networks, then distributing natural gas to the terminal users.

The power and operation models of enterprises in natural gas industry are different from each other, which forms various competition statuses in return.

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China’s Egg and Poultry Industry Research, 2013-2017

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